# Steel Takeoff Spreadsheet

**Steel Takeoff Spreadsheet** The angled weld beads arranged on both sides of the core of the beam are assimilated to a triangle of configuration of the approximate section of the bead.

We distinguish between two types of sturdy insoles within the cord:

Dropped planes are the two orthogonal planes that close the triangle of the approximate section.

Throat plane: it is considered to be the resistant plane of welding and forms 45º with respect to the planes shot.

Welding-

resistance-

flat-

beam-

Ziggurat

Figure 1 Geometry and planes of the angle weld

INTRODUCTION TO CORD TENSIONS

The stresses acting on the weld bead are transformed into a determined tension. Recall that a stress is the relationship of an effort between a resistant area, so in the function of the working plane of the cord with which we work, you can speak of the following tensions:

Tensions in planes shot down: denominated with alphanumeric letters.

“N” is the normal calculation voltage acting perpendicular to the plane of one of the faces of the weld bead.

2 is the tangential stress of normal calculation to the edge contained in the plane of one of the faces of the weld.

3 is the tangential calculation voltage parallel to the edge contained in the plane of one of the faces of the weld.

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-ziggurat-2

Figure 2 Tensions in the plane of the cord

Tension in the throat plane: denominated with Greek letters.

4 is the normal stress perpendicular to the plane of the cord cross-section; It is parallel to the direction of the cord.

5 is the normal calculation voltage acting on the throat section.

6 is the tangential stress of calculation normal to the edge directed to the throat plane.

7 is the tangential computing stress parallel to the ground with the throat plane.

Figure 3 Tensions in the plane of the cord throat

Figure 3 Tensions in the plane of the cord throat

Tensions in the weld. CTE practical example with spreadsheet

CLICK TWEET

TENSION CONVERSION

It is customary to identify in the first instance the stresses in the drawn planes 8 and, according to the request on the union, to transform these stresses of plane collapsed and tensions on the plane of throat 1 For this it can make use of the following expressions:

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-ziggurat-4

Here’s a practical example of jointed beam-column joining:

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-schema-union-ziggurat-5

Figure 4 Union Geometry

And the data in a spreadsheet MathCad under the conditions of the Spanish standard of steel structures “CTE DB-SE-A”.

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-sheet-of-calculation-zigurat-6

Figure 5 Preview spreadsheets

Interesting? You can consult this example and download the spreadsheet in the 2nd part of this article, filling in the form that presents a continuation.

The angled weld beads arranged on both sides of the core of the beam are assimilated to a triangle of configuration of the approximate section of the bead.

We distinguish between two types of sturdy insoles within the cord:

Dropped planes are the two orthogonal planes that close the triangle of the approximate section.

Throat plane: it is considered to be the resistant plane of welding and forms 45º with respect to the planes shot.

Welding-

resistance-

flat-

beam-

Ziggurat

Figure 1 Geometry and planes of the angle weld

INTRODUCTION TO CORD TENSIONS

The stresses acting on the weld bead are transformed into a determined tension. Recall that a stress is the relationship of an effort between a resistant area, so in the function of the working plane of the cord with which we work, you can speak of the following tensions:

Tensions in planes shot down: denominated with alphanumeric letters.

“N” is the normal calculation voltage acting perpendicular to the plane of one of the faces of the weld bead.

2 is the tangential stress of normal calculation to the edge contained in the plane of one of the faces of the weld.

3 is the tangential calculation voltage parallel to the edge contained in the plane of one of the faces of the weld.

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-ziggurat-2

Figure 2 Tensions in the plane of the cord

Tension in the throat plane: denominated with Greek letters.

4 is the normal stress perpendicular to the plane of the cord cross-section; It is parallel to the direction of the cord.

5 is the normal calculation voltage acting on the throat section.

6 is the tangential stress of calculation normal to the edge directed to the throat plane.

7 is the tangential computing stress parallel to the ground with the throat plane.

Figure 3 Tensions in the plane of the cord throat

Figure 3 Tensions in the plane of the cord throat

Tensions in the weld. CTE practical example with spreadsheet

CLICK TWEET

TENSION CONVERSION

It is customary to identify in the first instance the stresses in the drawn planes 8 and, according to the request on the union, to transform these stresses of plane collapsed and tensions on the plane of throat 1 For this it can make use of the following expressions:

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-ziggurat-4

Here’s a practical example of jointed beam-column joining:

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-schema-union-ziggurat-5

Figure 4 Union Geometry

And the data in a spreadsheet MathCad under the conditions of the Spanish standard of steel structures “CTE DB-SE-A”.

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-sheet-of-calculation-zigurat-6

Figure 5 Preview spreadsheets

Interesting? You can consult this example and download the spreadsheet in the 2nd part of this article, filling in the form that presents a continuation.

The angled weld beads arranged on both sides of the core of the beam are assimilated to a triangle of configuration of the approximate section of the bead.

We distinguish between two types of sturdy insoles within the cord:

Dropped planes are the two orthogonal planes that close the triangle of the approximate section.

Throat plane: it is considered to be the resistant plane of welding and forms 45º with respect to the planes shot.

Welding-

resistance-

flat-

beam-

Ziggurat

Figure 1 Geometry and planes of the angle weld

INTRODUCTION TO CORD TENSIONS

The stresses acting on the weld bead are transformed into a determined tension. Recall that a stress is the relationship of an effort between a resistant area, so in the function of the working plane of the cord with which we work, you can speak of the following tensions:

Tensions in planes shot down: denominated with alphanumeric letters.

“N” is the normal calculation voltage acting perpendicular to the plane of one of the faces of the weld bead.

2 is the tangential stress of normal calculation to the edge contained in the plane of one of the faces of the weld.

3 is the tangential calculation voltage parallel to the edge contained in the plane of one of the faces of the weld.

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-ziggurat-2

Figure 2 Tensions in the plane of the cord

Tension in the throat plane: denominated with Greek letters.

4 is the normal stress perpendicular to the plane of the cord cross-section; It is parallel to the direction of the cord.

5 is the normal calculation voltage acting on the throat section.

6 is the tangential stress of calculation normal to the edge directed to the throat plane.

7 is the tangential computing stress parallel to the ground with the throat plane.

Figure 3 Tensions in the plane of the cord throat

Figure 3 Tensions in the plane of the cord throat

Tensions in the weld. CTE practical example with spreadsheet

CLICK TWEET

TENSION CONVERSION

It is customary to identify in the first instance the stresses in the drawn planes 8 and, according to the request on the union, to transform these stresses of plane collapsed and tensions on the plane of throat 1 For this it can make use of the following expressions:

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-ziggurat-4

Here’s a practical example of jointed beam-column joining:

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-schema-union-ziggurat-5

Figure 4 Union Geometry

And the data in a spreadsheet MathCad under the conditions of the Spanish standard of steel structures “CTE DB-SE-A”.

Welding-resistance-plane-beam-sheet-of-calculation-zigurat-6

Figure 5 Preview spreadsheets

Interesting? You can consult this example and download the spreadsheet in the 2nd part of this article, filling in the form that presents a continuation.

## Steel Takeoff Spreadsheet

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